IoT sensors – An IoT system consists of sensors/devices which “talk” to the cloud. Once the data gets there, its internal software processes it and then might decide to perform an action, such as sending an alert or automatically adjusting the sensors/devices without the need for manual monitoring.
Artificial intelligence – AI can learn the habits and routines of the people within a building, and react accordingly. It can understand preferences and adjust certain settings or actions accordingly.
Building management systems – This controls and monitors the building’s mechanical and electrical equipment such as ventilation, lighting, power systems, fire systems, and security systems and allows you to see where limitations or strengths lie.
Augmented reality – Can be used to create a ‘digital twin’ of a building that allows managers and owners to see how every aspect is running, how much it costs and how effective they are being.